Wheat forms an important part of our diet where it is used either in the refined or unrefined form to manufacture bread, noodles and several other edible commodities to let us survive. It is extensively grown in most parts of the world and holds a place similar to that of rice where most farmers deal with wheat production and enjoy the benefits that they receive from it. Wheat is the major source of vegetable protein when compared to other cereals and therefore is a choice of the majority of the world’s population.
Factors contributing to its growth
The cultivation of wheat is a process that requires several arrangements that aid to the proper growth of the plant and thus making it capable of better yield. Leaving behind old techniques and procedures for wheat production, new and advanced technology has brought about a revolution in the ways the crop is produced and how it can make up for the ever growing population and its requirements. Experts come up with new and advanced techniques on a daily basis and using them while cultivation can be of a great help to farmers.
• Conduct soil tests – It is necessary to conduct soil tests by professionals to determine the requirements of nutrients or the level of its presence. Accordingly external nutrients can be added to bring about a suited soil quality to grow wheat.
• Perform crop rotation – Crop rotation is something that contributes to the presence of nutrients and its balance. Most experts suggest that growing soya beans before planting wheat contribute in replenishing the soil nutrition as well as helps in disease resistance for the growth of wheat.
• Clean and processed seeds – Farmers should ensure that the seeds that they use are processed and cleaned well before sowing as damaged or infected seeds may harm the right growth and thus resulting in poor yield.
• Application of additional nutrients – Most farmers apply additional nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous to allow the crop to grow well but there is an additional requirement of micronutrients like minerals and vitamins for the soil to allow the wheat to grow in the best way possible.
• Usage of growth regulators – Experts often advise farmers to use growth regulators that are known to communicate messages to the cells of the plant of thicker and shorter stem which saves it from the plights of nature like rain or storm where the plants fall down without any particular support. It also becomes easy to manage the crops and thus resulting in lesser losses.